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Chithandizo Cha Madzi Osiyanasiyana: Njira Yanzeru

Kukhazikitsa madzi amadzi okhala ndi njira zophatikizira kumakhala ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zosonkhanitsira, kuchiritsa, ndikumwaza / kugwiritsanso ntchito madzi akumwa m'malo okhala, mafakitale kapena mabungwe, masango anyumba kapena mabizinesi, ndi madera onse. Kuwunika kwamikhalidwe yatsamba kumachitika kuti mudziwe mtundu woyenera wamankhwala amtundu uliwonse. Machitidwewa ndi gawo la zomangamanga mpaka kalekale ndipo amatha kuyang'aniridwa ngati malo oima okha kapena kuphatikizidwa ndi makina ochitira zimbudzi. Amapereka njira zingapo zochiritsira kuchokera kuzosavuta, kungomvera ndi kufalikira kwa nthaka, komwe kumatchedwa septic kapena onsite system, njira zovuta komanso zamakina monga zida zamankhwala zapamwamba zomwe zimasonkhanitsa ndikuchotsa zinyalala kuchokera nyumba zingapo ndikutulutsa kumadzi apamtunda kapena nthaka. Amayikidwa pafupi kapena pafupi ndi pomwe amapangira madzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito. Machitidwe omwe amatuluka pamwamba (madzi kapena nthaka) amafunika chilolezo cha National Pollutant Discharge System (NPDES).

Machitidwe awa akhoza:

• Gwiritsani ntchito masikelo osiyanasiyana kuphatikiza nyumba zokhalamo, mabizinesi, kapena magulu ang'onoang'ono;

• Sungani madzi amdima pamiyeso yoteteza thanzi la anthu ndi madzi;

• Kutsata malamulo oyendetsera boma ndi boma; ndipo

• Gwiritsani ntchito bwino madera akumidzi, akumatauni ndi akumatauni.

CHIFUKWA CHIYANI ANADZIWITSA CHITSANZO CHA NYANZI?

Kukhazikitsa madzi amtundu woyenera kumatha kukhala njira yabwino kumadera omwe angaganizire kachitidwe katsopano kapena kusintha, kusintha, kapena kukulitsa njira zomwe zilipo kale zochotsera madzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito. M'madera ambiri, chithandizo chazomwe zitha kukhala:

• Yosafuna ndalama zambiri komanso yosafuna ndalama zambiri

• Kupewa ndalama zazikulu

• Kuchepetsa ndalama zogwirira ntchito ndi kukonza

• Kulimbikitsa mwayi wamabizinesi ndi ntchito

• Wobiriwira komanso wosasunthika

• Kupindulitsa madzi ndi kupezeka

• Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi nthaka mwanzeru

• Kuyankha pakukula ndikusunga malo obiriwira

• Otetezedwa poteteza chilengedwe, thanzi laanthu, ndi madzi

• Kuteteza madera ammudzi

• Kuchepetsa zoipitsa zowononga, zakudya zopatsa thanzi, ndi zoipitsa zomwe zikubwera kumene

• Kuchepetsa kuipitsa ndi kuwopsa kwaumoyo wokhudzana ndi madzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito

ZOKHUDZA IFEYO

Kukhazikitsa madzi akumwa m'misewu yanyumba kumatha kukhala yankho labwino kumadera amtundu uliwonse. Monga machitidwe ena onse, machitidwe oyendetsedwa ayenera kukhazikitsidwa bwino, kusamalidwa, ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti apereke zabwino zonse. Komwe atsimikiza kukhala oyenererana bwino, machitidwe am'madera amathandizanso madera kuti afike pamizere itatu yokhazikika: zabwino zachilengedwe, zabwino zachuma, komanso zabwino kwa anthu.

KUMENE NTCHITO IYI

Mzinda wa Loudoun, VA

Loudoun Water, ku Loudoun County, Virginia (Washington, DC, tawuni), yatenga njira yophatikizira kasamalidwe ka madzi amadzi omwe amaphatikizapo kugula kuchokera ku chomera chapakati, malo obwezeretsa madzi a satellite, ndi magulu ang'onoang'ono am'magulu. Njirayi yalola kuti County asunge mawonekedwe ake akumidzi ndikupanga dongosolo lomwe kukula kumalipira kukula. Madivelopa amapanga ndi kumanga malo amadzi ogwiritsira ntchito zonyansa m'magulu a Loudoun Water pamtengo wawo ndipo amasamutsira umwini wawo ku Loudoun Water kuti iwunikenso. Pulogalamuyi imadzipezera ndalama kudzera mitengo yomwe imalipira ndalama. Kuti mudziwe zambiri:http://www.loudounwater.org/

Mzinda wa Rutherford, TN

Consolidated Utility District (CUD) yaku Rutherford County, Tennessee, imapereka zonyansa kwa makasitomala ake ambiri akutali kudzera mu njira yatsopano. Njira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri imadziwika kuti septic tank effluent pumping (STEP) yomwe imakhala ndimayendedwe pafupifupi 50 a madzi ogawira, onse omwe ali ndi STEP system, fyuluta yamchenga yoyendanso, komanso dongosolo lalikulu lofalitsa. Machitidwe onsewa ndi ake ndikuyang'aniridwa ndi Rutherford County CUD. Njirayi imalola kukula kwakachulukidwe (kagawidwe) m'malo amchigawo momwe ngalwe za mzinda sizipezeka kapena mitundu yanthaka siyothandiza matanki wamba am'madzi ndikutsitsa mizere m'minda. Thanki ya septic ya 1,500-galoni ili ndi pampu ndikuwongolera komwe kumakhala nyumba iliyonse kuti azitha kutaya madzi amdontho kupita kumalo osungira madzi akumwa. Kuti mumve zambiri: http://www.cudrc.com/Departments/Waste-Water.aspx


Post nthawi: Apr-01-2021